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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2334\margr4535\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2334\margrsxn4535\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1128\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx5069 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex88\expndtw-2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 PROMOTION OF 'TDHAMDVEA"{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }167}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri24\sb226\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 t A\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'a3\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 oka was not prepared to make any compromise \expndtw3 this cardinal doctrine.   He also condemned certain \expndtw1 'emonies as trivial, vulgar, and worthless (R. E, IX). \expndtw3 >stly they were performed by womenfolk on ocea\-\expndtw-2 ns of births, deaths, marriages, journeys, etc. Accord-\expndtw-4 to   Asoka,   true    ceremonial   \i (Dhamma-mangala\} \i0\expndtw11 .sisted of proper conduct in all relations of life, \expndtw4 tilarly, he tried to change the popular idea- of gifts \expndtw5 conquests.   He declares that there is no such gift \i\expndtw-2 Dhamma-dana^ \i0 which consists of "proper treatment-\expndtw2 laves and servants, obedience to mother and father, \expndtw3 rality to friends, companions, relations, Brahmana \expndtw5 Sramana ascetics, and  abstention from slaughter \expndtw3 ving creatures for sacrifice" (R. E. XI).}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li211\fi0\ri0\sb163\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 wres for its "Promotion}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb106\sa0\sl-252\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Asoka propagated the "Dhamma" with the zeal and \expndtw-4 tstness of a missionary, and he claims in Minor Rock \expndtw7 : I that as a result of his strenuous exertions for \expndtw3 r, "indeed for more than a year,\super 1\nosupersub  "human beings \expndtw1 were unmixed were caused to be mixed with gods ghout Jambudvipa/*\super 2\nosupersub    He  achieved     this     ex-\expndtw4 linary  success  on  account 'of his  well-planned \expndtw-2 .res.  He exhibited "spectacles" of celestial chariots \i\expndtw-1 a), \i0 luminous   balls of  fire   \i (ag-khamdh5ni)\sub 9\nosupersub  \i0 and \expndtw-2 nts    \i (hasti-dasana),   \i0 representing   the   kinds   of \expndtw2 which   the   virtuous   enjoyed  in  heaven.   He \expndtw9 :d   that  these shows  would attract people to \expndtw6 th of righteousness.   He himself gave up plea-\expndtw-12 oka, however, informs us that "for more than two years \expndtw-11 ilf that he had been a lay-disciple \i (upasaka), \i0 he did  not \expndtw-13 iself well" (M.R.E. I).}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li490\fi0\ri2\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex88\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 Imnd cu kdkna amisd samdnd munisd Jambudipasi misa \i0\charscalex94\expndtw7 ["he exact interpretation of/this passage is beset with \expndtw14 ;s. What it seems to record is that A^oka's efforts \expndtw2 :, and people, who had no gods or were not devoted to \expndtw-4 became religiously-inclined.}\par }